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Mozart's rheumatic heart disease and probable infective endocarditis

Published:November 30, 2009DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.11.003
      By any measure, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is one of the most important and influential figures in the history of Western classical music [
      • Clarke B.C.
      The Mozart starter.
      ]. Many articles and books have been written about his health, ailments and death [
      • Baer C.
      Mozart: illness, death, burial.
      ,
      • Davies P.J.
      Mozart's illness and death.
      ,
      • Wheater M.
      Mozart's last illness—a medical diagnosis.
      ,
      • Stafford W.
      Mozart's death: a corrective survey of the legends.
      ,
      • Karhausen L.R.
      Contra Davies: Mozart's terminal illness.
      ,
      • Drake Jr., M.E.
      Mozart's chronic subdural hematoma.
      ,
      • Neumayr A.
      Music and medicine: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert:notes on their lives, works, and medical histories.
      ,
      • Franken F.H.
      Diseases of famous composers.
      ,
      • Werner A.J.
      The death of Mozart.
      ,
      • Karhausen L.R.
      Weeding Mozart's medical history.
      ,
      • Fitzgerald F.T.
      • Zaslaw N.
      • Mackowiak P.A.
      Noble heart.
      ], including the latest one published in August 2009 [
      • Zegers R.H.C.
      • Weigl A.
      • Steptoe A.
      The death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: an epidemiologic perspective.
      ]. Mozart died on December 5, 1791 at a young age of 35 years. More than two centuries later, speculations still exist concerning the cause of his death; as many as 118 causes have been mentioned in one article published in 1998 [
      • Karhausen L.R.
      Weeding Mozart's medical history.
      ].
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