Research Article| Volume 382, P12-19, July 01, 2023

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Long-term outcomes of valve-sparing root versus composite valve graft replacement for acute type A aortic dissection: Meta-analysis of reconstructed time-to-event data


      • The composite aortic valve graft replacement (CAVGR – Bentall procedure) has been considered the best approach for acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) with root involvement.
      • Valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSARR) arose as an option over the last years, but long-term outcomes are controversial.
      • VSRR does not seem confer a better (or worse) survival in ATAAD, but it is associated with higher risk of reoperations.



      To evaluate the long-term outcomes of valve-sparing aortic root replacement (VSARR) versus composite aortic valve graft replacement (CAVGR) in the treatment of acute type A aortic dissections (ATAAD).


      We performed a pooled meta-analysis of Kaplan–Meier-derived time-to-event data from studies with longer follow-up beyond the immediate postoperative period.


      Seven studies met our eligibility criteria, comprising a total of 858 patients (367 patients in the VSARR groups and 491 patients in the CAVGR group). We found no statistically significant differences in the overall survival between the groups over time (HR 0.83, 95%CI 0.63–1.10, P = 0.192), but we observed a higher risk of reoperation in the VSARR group when compared with the CAVGR group (HR 9.99, 95% CI 2.23–44.73, P = 0.003). The meta-regression revealed statistically significant positive coefficients for age (P < 0.001) in the analysis of survival, which means that this covariate has a modulating effect on this outcome. The higher the mean age, the higher the HR for overall mortality was found to be with VSARR as compared with CAVGR. Other covariates such as female sex, hypertension, diabetes, connective tissue disorders, bicuspid aortic valve, hemiarch and/or total arch replacement, concomitant coronary bypass surgery did not seem to have any effect on the outcomes.


      VSARR did not confer a better (or worse) survival over time in patients with ATAAD, but it was associated with higher risk of reoperations in the long run.

      Graphical abstract


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